The final set of four times great-grandparents in this part of my family tree, are James Hinvest and Caroline Parker. You can see, below, where they are situated in the tree:
James was born on the 17th July 1796 in the village of Eling, Hampshire. He was the eldest of 10 children born to James and Anne Hinvest (nee Legge). James was baptised on the 18th September in the same year, and this would have more than likely taken place at St. Mary the Virgin Church in Eling.
From the information I have managed to find throughout my research over the years, James appeared to have lived the whole of his life in Eling. This is where he met his wife, Caroline Parker.
Caroline was born on the 10th March 1798 in Eling, and was baptised later on that year on the 6th December. She was the youngest of four children born to Robert and Mary Parker (nee Bricknell):
James and Caroline married on the 30th July 1820 in Eling, and you can see their marriage record below:
James and Caroline had seven children during their 17 year marriage. Their children were : Alford (1821-), Olive (1822-), Harriet (1825-1893), Emma, my three times great-grandmother (1826-1904), Isaac (1829-), George (1833-1897) and Charles ( (1836-1855).
Sadly, Caroline passed away in 1837, at the young age of 39 years old. Their youngest child was still under the age of two. I don’t have a cause of death as yet, but I will be requesting a copy of the death certificate to find out.
From 1808 to 1857, Chartism existed, which was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain. It was a national protest movement and had strongholds of support in northern England, the East Midlands, Staffordshire, the Black Country and the Valleys of South Wales. Support for Chartism was at its highest in 1816, 1822 and 1848. In 1839, only 18 percent of the male population had the right to vote. William Lovett’s 1838 People’s Charter demanded political reform in England. Six reforms were called for to make the political system more democratic. The movement was often divided over tactics. Most supporters of Chartism were working class and supported the movement’s goals in large public meetings. The working class supporters hoped that their political voice could address their poverty and work conditions. Despite receiving millions of signatures, the government rejected their demands and they ended up being ridiculed in the press. I wonder how this affected James and his sons?
At the time that this was happening, James was living with his family in Totton, in the parish of Eling. You can seen them on the 1841 census return:
James was the head of the family, and six of his children were living with him. His occupation was an agricultural labourer.
The next record that we see James on is the 1851 census return:
Again, you can see that James was the head of the family, but this time, you can see that James had married and his wife was called Elizabeth. Two of James’ sons, George and Charles, were still living with them. If you compare the two census returns, it would seem that James and Eliza married between 1841 and 1851, as the 1851 census states that Eliza was James’ wife. Maybe it was recorded this way for appearances, as I was unable to find a marriage record for them between those dates. I did, however, find a marriage record for them for the fourth quarter of 1855 in the New Forest district of Hampshire. Eliza’s surname before she married James was Bessant.
We can see James and Eliza again on the 1861 census return:
James and Eliza Hinvest were living in Calmore in the parish of Eling. Eliza’s two sons, George and William were living with them. George was an agricultural labourer and William was a scholar (of school age). James and Eliza also had two sons of their own; Henry and James. Henry was also of school age.
The record below is the 1871 census return:
James and family were still living in Calmore, in the parish of Eling, where he was an agricultural labourer. On the 1871 census return, it’s showing that William’s surname is Hinvest, but if you look at the 1861 census return, his surname was recorded as Bessant. I am assuming that he was recorded under the same surname, so that it looked like they were a complete family. William, Henry and James were all agricultural labourers.
In 1871, Sir John Lubbock, a member of Parliament, and also a social reformer, decided that the British people should have some extra time off work. After bringing in the Bank Holiday Act of 1871,citizens would now enjoy some extra time off work to spend with their families. England, Wales and Northern Ireland were allocated four bank holidays, while Scotland had five. Most of the bank holidays occurred on a Monday, with the August bank holiday being very popular. I wonder how James and his family spent their bank holidays; did they have quality family time together, or were times hard for them and they continued to work?
The final census return that James appeared on was the 1881 census. He was still living with Eliza, but by this time, he was no longer working as he was 85 years of age:
James Hinvest passed away on the 21st December 1882 at the New Forest Union Workhouse, Eling Road, Hampshire. The cause of death was old age; James was 87 years of age. The informant of his death was a man called William Taylor, who was the Master of New Forest Union Workhouse, Eling. James’ father, James, was also a resident of this workhouse in the 1850s. Below is a copy of James’ death certificate:
Eliza Hinvest passed away not long after James, in the first quarter of 1883.